Thursday, May 7, 2009
1. Research methods (structured, unstructured interviews, etc) advantages/disadvantages
2. True & False, briefly explain
3. sociologists definition of "understanding"
4. society's contribution to development of identity - my essay was about 1 1/2 page
5. Globalization - It'll be any of the question from the past papers - about 2 1/2 pages for my essay.
6. Contribution of a sociologist or compare 2 sociologists, etc. I always said focus on Weber & Marx w/ a little sprinkle of Durkheim
7. Section C - My section Racism & Ethnicity seemed to be the easiest, but I wrote almost 5 pages!!!
Tuesday, May 5, 2009
According to past papers:
1. Is globalization a new phenomenon?
2. Compare & Contrast any two accounts of globalization
3. Hyperglobalists believe globalization is both new & inevitable. Explain and discuss.
4. The main driver of globalization is technology. Explain and discuss
5. Describe and evaluate any one theory which attempts to explain the processes of globalization, paying particular attention to the idea of a "global village"
Questions for ourselves: Please post your notes & thoughts next to each item and please put in quotes & your name so we know who wrote it.
1. What are the schools of thoughts of globalization?
Global culture theory
A) Marxist theory
B) Evolutionary thoery
C) Convergence theory
D) Structural functionalism
E) Weberian theory "He found that at the end of the Middle Ages, Western Europe's cultural environment favored change...the Protestant Reformation reshaped traditional Christian beliefs to generate a progress-oriented way of life. Wealth - looked on with suspicion from the Catholic church - became a sign of personal virtue, and the growing importance of individualism steadily replaced the traditional emphasis on family and community. Taken together, these new cultural patterns nurtured the Industrial Revolution. Macioncis Chapter 12 (pg 318) - Joon Enlightenement, Manifest destiny, perhaps???
F) Modernisation theory: "A model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations." Macionis Chapter 12 (page 317) - Joon
G)Dependency theory: "A model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of the historical exploitations of poor nations by rich ones." Macionis Chapter 12 (pg 319) - Joon
Historical perspective of the Dependency theory: Dependency theory is based on the idea that the economic position of rich and poor nations are linked and cannot be understood apart from each other. Poor nations are not simply lagging behind rich ones on the "path of progress"; rather, the prosperity of the most developed countries came largely at the expense of the less developed ones. Macionis Ch 12 (pg 320)
II. The globalization schools
A) The sceptics
B) The Hyperglobalists
C) The transformationalists
Chapter 7 of the SG
7.1 Globalizing Technology
7.3 The global economy & global inequality
7.4 What has been the overall impact of economic globalization
7.5 & 7.6 I don't see as too important, if you disagree please note**
7.7 The global village and world culture
i) global technology
ii) Economic globalization
iii) Political globalization
8.1 World - Systems theory
i) The core. This includes strong states, which are fully developed. Wallerstein states Globalization (global stratification) uses a model of the "Capitalist World Economy" He viewed the core as the high income countries, colonialism enriched this core by funneling raw materials from all over the world back to Western Europe to fuel the Industrial Revolution. Today, multinationals channels all the wealth back (repatriation of funds) to North America, Japan, Western Europe & Australia.
ii) The semi-periphery - This includes oderately strong states, for example the 'newly industrializing countries' (NICs) such Malaysia and Brazil as Malaysia and Brazil (however, note that Waters (2001) associates these with the periphery, whereas they are more commonly placed in the semi-periphery).
iii) The periphery - This area including weak and poor states, which are often economically dependant on the core states weak and poor states, which are often economically dependent on the core states, or remain traditionarlly based and undeveloped countries. Low income countries represent the periphery, they are drawn into the world economy by colonial exploitation. Poor nations continue to support rich ones by providing inexpensive labor and a vast market for industrial products.
8.2 Global capitalist theory
8.3 Global society theory
8.4 Global culture theory
The approach of Appadurai (1996)
1. ethnoscapes: flows of people
2. mediascapes: flows of images
3. technoscapes: flow of machinery
4. finanscapes: flows of money
5. ideascapes: flows of ideas
Friday, April 24, 2009
Eight Max Weber fellows from the European University Institute (EUI), Florence, will visit LSE next week to give a series of talks and to learn teaching skills as part of an initiative organised by Academic and Professional Development (APD) at LSE.
The aim of the visit is for the academics to receive ongoing teacher training from the School's Teaching and Learning Centre and to work with foundation students in the LSE Language Centre.
All Max Weber fellows aim to become 'career' academics and are committed to developing expertise in teaching, as well as building up their research profile. APD is helping them do this by giving them training sessions in Italy as well as offering them this chance to spend a week at LSE.
Nick Byrne, director of the Language Centre, is looking forward to the visit: 'Last year was a real success story and we want to build on it this year. The Max Weber fellows are able to bring their expertise to LSE and we can give them the opportunity to work with a variety of students in different contexts. It's great that Academic and Professional Development at LSE has been able to work with talented academics who are so committed to developing their teaching skills.'
The visiting academics will give talks for four evenings next week:
- Monday 27 April, 5pm, room NAB115 - Ekaterina Mouliarova will discuss The EU- Russian Relationship
- Monday 27 April, 6pm, room NAB115 - Ottavio Quirico will talk about A Purely Formal Theory of Law: euclid, law and the school of Athens
- Tuesday 28 April, 5pm, room S75 - Can Aybek will look at Leaving Parental Home in Germany: a comparison of young adults of German and Turkish origin
- Tuesday 28 April, 6pm, room S75 - Sami Miaari will discuss Ethnic Conflict and Job Separation
- Wednesday 29 April, 5pm, room NAB115 - Firat Cengiz on The European Competition Network: structure, management and initial experiences of policy enforcement
- Wednesday 29 April, 6pm, room NAB115 - Fang Xu will look at Testing for Unit Roots in Bounded Non-Stationary Time Series
- Thursday 30 April, 5pm, room NAB115 - Ania Cichopek will talk about Comparative Perspective in Postwar Polish-Jewish History: pogroms in Kraków and Topoľčany in 1945
- Thursday 30 April, 6pm, room NAB115 - Violet Soen on The Challenges of Habsburg Peacemaking during the Dutch Revolt (1567-1598)
These events are free and open to all - to attend simply turn up on the night.
24 April 2009
Wednesday, April 15, 2009
Open University Open Learning Page (also has gender identity)
The Open University Page & Table of Contents
The iTunes subscription link
Tuesday, April 14, 2009
USA - view of race grounded in slavery (white & black)
Defense (military) to defend against working slaves & the natives (seen as a threat or obstacles to their expansion)
Enlightenment ideals identified the enlightened races as the "white race" and non-whites being the lower peoples therefore even after the emancipation freed slaves were counted as 6/10 of a person thus ineligible for US citizenship.
The US constitution also defined that only white people were eligible for US citizenship. Subsequent immigrants from Europe (Ireland, Scotland, etc) were looked down upon despite the same skin color, so the earlier settlers identified themselves as Anglos (White Anglo Saxon Protestant, WASP, LOL). Italians were later discriminated against because of their interactions with blacks and their darker tone skin. Exclusions were being made to North Indians who archaeologically were considered "CAUCASIAN".
US blacks is a neo-ethnicity
Ethnicity applied to differentiate from whites. Hispanics conceptualized as an ethnic category independent of a person's racial classification (Mexican, El Salvadorian, Honduras, etc)
Ethnic group/ethnic differences has white connotations in the US.
In the census, originally white/coloured. The Irish were later included in the census (due to the discrimination they suffered). In 1991 Proxy was used, such as country of origin, origin of parents, origin of the Head of Household.
Race in language less prominent than the USA.
Race - US Ethnic - UK
Ethnic awareness borne (during the British occupation) borne of three reasons:
1. Chinese & Indian migration marked off from Malays.
2. Racial difference took official & public form (census, news, policies)
3. Proposition by UK for a universalist constitution.
UK acceded to constitution which guaranteed Malays special rights, and also built a definition of Malay in the constitution.
Malay, Chinese, Indian seen differently in two respects:
1. Political Status: Malays represent themselves as indigenous and the true heirs of the land.
2. Culture - line between Muslims/non Muslims marking the Chinese-Malay boundary.
In order to understand the Malay perspective, we have to understand the language and how it breaks down:
In the Malay language "ras" mean race, racial, the difference is that in the English context, it does not convey a sense of people of common origin.
"rakyat" means folk or people w/ a sense of "common folk or people" (closer to the English meaning of race)
Rakyat Malasia - Malaysian people or nation
Warga - family & people
warga negara - people of the state (citizens)
Kaum - lineage group (can also refer to class, social stratification), loosely common descent & group.
Kaum ciha - Chinese community
Kaum warrita - women's group
Kaum Kaum Kecil - minorities (kecil means small), small group
Perkauman - racialism
Kaum tasam - elite/upper class
Orang - meaning persons, this word may also refer to indegineous people aren't Malay or Muslims.
Orang cina - Chinese person
Orange Malayu - Malaysian person
Orange puteli - white person (used during the occupation)
Orange Canada - Canadian person
Orang asing - foreigners
Orang bukam Melayu - non Malays
Keturuman pendatag - descendants of immigrants, non-Malay, non-asli
Pendatang Haram - illiegal immigrants
Bangsa - Originally referred to descent & community of common origin, etymologically morphed to mean ehtnic/ethnicity.
Because of the residents of East Malay, Sarawah, Sabah, North Borneo despite not being indigeneous to Malaysia were in cluded in the independence negotiation thus the word "BUMIPUTERA" - sons or princes of the soil was born, to identify ethnic Malays.
There was speculation whether this word would last, it's alive and well to this day and used in English language periodicals to separate ethnic Malays to non-ethnic Malays.
USA - race dynamic center on black/white, due to non-white immigration, it became an issue of whites/non-whites
UK - Simple distinction, black/white did not have same social force as US, ethnicity was not a concern, during the 16th century, religion was the focus, then after uniting Scotland, Wales & later Ireland, religion was still the main focus (Protestant or Catholic anybody?)
In the 1950's race viewed as a spurrious scientific term. Academics took the PC (politically correct) route and started writing "Race & Ethincity" as opposed to just "Race".
Malay - an issue between indigenes & in-comers, Muslims vs. non-Muslims, cultural differences, thus Bangsa was born. Basically for Malays ethnicity was a constitutional/political issue to gain their rights.
Race -> Ethnic group: chain w/in society in response to changing social conditions.
Chapter 3: coming soon